Quantitative research is a systematic method to gather quantifiable data. While gathering this data, we have to apply statistical and mathematical techniques. By using this research method, we can collect data from present and possible customers. To collect data from the present and possible customers, we can use different sampling methods. After gathering the data by using quantitative research, we can predict the results in the form of numerical data. For this reason, we have to utilize statistical data analysis techniques. We are widely using this research method in the natural and social sciences.
7 Effective Data Collection Techniques in Quantitative Research
Here, we will discuss 7 effective data collection techniques in quantitative research.
A face to face dialogue between two persons to gather and share information about a specific topic is the interview. With the help of this information, we can satisfy a research purpose. We can use various types of interviews to gather the data. The most important types of interviews to gather the data are structured, unstructured and semi-structured interviews. The interviews provide a chance to gather in-depth information about a topic. While gathering the information by using this method, we can also get the freedom of flexibility. It is also the best way to gather accurate data about a topic. To gather the data by using this data collection method, we can use various data collection tools. The best data collection tools to gather the data are an audio recorder, digital camera and camcorder etc.
The questionnaire is a research instrument to gather the data for a research purpose. It consists of a series of questions and prompts. With the help of this series of questions and prompts, we can receive responses from the individuals. We can also use questionnaires to gather data from different groups. Most of the researchers consider that it is a survey. They should know that it is not a survey rather than it is a part of a survey. We can ask three different kinds of questions with the help of questionnaires. The researchers can easily use them to administrate for a large group of people. It is also a cost-effective method to gather data about a topic. After gathering the data by using questionnaires, we can easily visualize and analyze the data.
While conducting quantitative research, sometimes, we have to further analyze the data. For further analysis of the data, we use this technique. By using this data collection technique, we can report accurate data. Accurate data reporting is helpful for us to make informed decisions. On the other hand, if we gather inaccurate data reporting, it will lead to uninformed decision making. For data reporting, we can use various tools. First, we can utilize the NGO reports. It is the best way to gather comprehensive reports of the activities of the NGOs. Secondly, we can also use newspapers to report the data. Newspapers are an easy method to collect data collection. At last, you can also use the website articles to gather the data for the research purpose.
Sometimes, we have to deal with different variables while gathering the data for the research purpose. These variables are the dependent variables and independent variables. By using this data collection technique, we can control the independent variables. After controlling these variables, we can observe their impacts on the dependent variables. For example, if we want to observe the impacts of procrastination on a particular group of college students, we can use this data collection technique. By using this technique, we can divide the college students into different groups. After dividing the college students into different groups, we can determine the impacts of procrastination on them.
5. Systematic Observation:
As recommended a dissertation help firm, we can also use this data collection technique in quantitative research. By using this data collection technique, we have to identify the particular behaviour of a person. After identifying this particular behaviour, we have to monitor it in a natural setting. For example, if you want to observe the participation of college students in a particular subject, you should sit behind your class. After sitting behind the class, you should count the active and passive behaviours of the students in different situations. You should observe the active and passive behaviours of the students based on their backgrounds. Based on their participation, you can change your techniques for passive students. After changing your techniques for passive students, you can also increase their involvement.
6. Document Review:
The researchers can also gather the data for their research papers after reviewing the existing documents. It is one of the most effective and efficient ways to gather data from existing documents. By using this data collection technique, you can gather qualified data from different resources. You can use three different types of records to support quantitative research data. First, you can use public records. It means that you can organize the official records for further investigation. Secondly, you can also gather the data by reviewing personal records. After analyzing the individual records, you can deal with the individual behaviour of the people. At last, it is also the best way to analyze the physical documents. These physical documents provide an idea about the previous achievements of an organization.
7. Secondary Research:
We have to gather the data for various purposes. We can also utilize this data for quantitative research. For example, if we have gathered the data for the national surveys or historical records, we can utilize it for quantitative research. To utilize it for quantitative research, we have to assess this data. For example, if we want to know the attitudes of the people towards climate change, we can analyze the data of the national surveys. Anyhow, while analyzing the data of the national surveys, we have to manipulate this data in our words. We should not utilize the data in the same manner in the research paper. Before analyzing this data, you should also try to process this data.
Quantitative research is providing a vast collection for form customization. Therefore, you can easily utilize it for extensive analysis.